open pit method of mining bitumen

Reading: Open-Pit Mining | Geology - Lumen Learning

Open-pit mining, or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth, such as long wall mining.

Basics of open pit mining - YouTube

Jul 10, 2016· Informative presentation you came across to know about Open Pit mining. Open Pit mining MINING Methods Hydraulic Gassification Opencast mining Open cut Mining Surface or Strip Mining final pit ...

Bitumen - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Open pit mining is the most economical recovery method of oilsands deposits that are close to the surface. Even with deposits close to the surface, there is some overburden material that does not contain oilsands, and that must be removed prior to recovery of the oilsands ore.

Alaska Tar Sands

The in-situ method will account for 80% of the total bitumen collected and open pit mining will only retrieve 20%. The open pit mining method requires large scale excavation of the land with huge hydraulic power shovels and 400-ton heavy hauler trucks.

Oil Sands Extraction and Processing | Natural Resources Canada

Bitumen can be extracted using two methods depending on how deep the deposits are below the surface: in-situ production or open pit mining. In-situ Production. In-situ extraction methods are used to recover bitumen that lies too deep beneath the surface for mining …

Open Pit Mining Techniques|Surface Mines|Rock or Mineral ...

Open-pit Mining Open-pit mining, also known as opencast mining, open-cut mining, and strip mining, means a process of digging out rock or minerals from the earth by their elimination from an open pit or borrow. The word is used to distinguish this type of mining from extractive methods …

Mining of Oil Shale - Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems

COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT ... Double handling, Double unit face method, Dragline, Drifting, Drilling, Fushun Open ... In Brazil, open pit mining has been carried out for producing oil shale, about several thousand tons daily, for Petrosix retorting.

Recovering the Oil - Canada's Oil Sands

Due to the depth of the reserves, recovery rates for the methods of extracting bitumen vary. Drilling methods cannot be used in mining areas, and vice-versa. Open-pit mining. Click image for larger version. Mining is used when deposits lie within 70 meters (200 feet) of the earth's surface – about 20 per cent of oil sands reserves.

The impact of oil sands on the environment and health ...

There are two primary extraction methods for oil sands: open-pit mining and in-situ mining. The technique used depends on the depth of the deposit. For example, in-situ mining is used when bitumen lies too deep beneath the surface for open-pit mining.

open pit method of mining bitumen - ggzplusnederland.nl

Open Pit Mining Methods Open pit mining methods are applicable to mining ore deposits that apex at or near the surface If the deposit apexes below the surface, the overburden and barren capping overlying the ore must be removed in advance of open pit mining. Crude Bitumen - aerca. North of Fort McMurray, crude bitumen occurs near the surface ...

open pit method of mining bitumen - agemo.be

open pit method of mining bitumen. SUAMG Machinery is professional mineral processing equipment manufacturer in the world, not our equipment has the excellent quality, but also our product service is …

ECONOMICS WORKING PAPERS No. 27 - Whitman College

Surface mining involves mining bitumen ore using an open-pit mining technology, crushing the ore to reduce the size, adding hot water to create an ore slurry, and transporting this ore slurry to be cleaned and processed before it is upgraded to oil (5).

What are tar sands? | American Geosciences Institute

Open-pit mining – if tar sands are found near the surface, as in Alberta, Canada, they can be mined directly – much like open-pit coal mining – and then transferred to an extraction plant where the bitumen can be separated from the sand, clay, and water.

open pit mining methods - auto-spec.co.za

Open Pit Mining Methods. Open pit mining methods are applicable to mining ore deposits that apex at or near the surface. If the deposit apexes below the surface, the overburden and barren capping overlying the ore must be removed in advance of open pit mining…

World Coal Deposits - West Virginia University

Tar Sands- Strip Mining 13 Tar Sand Extraction method Open Pit Mining Crush Mix with hot water Bitumen floats (60% bitumen, 30%water, 10% solids) 1200 SCF of gas needed to process 1 bbl of bitumen (about 5x energy gain) Upgrading: remove water, sand, impurities, sulfur, catalytic hydrocracking, hydrogenation Bitumen Separation Cell,

What is OPEN-PIT MINING? What does OPEN-PIT ... - YouTube

Apr 25, 2017· Open-pit, open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. This form of mining …

Open-Pit Mining Methods

Open-pit mining methods are applicable to mining ore deposits that apex at or near the surface. If the deposit apexes below the surface, the overburden and barren capping overlying the ore must be removed in advance of open-pit mining. The removal of this material is known as stripping.

2012 Americas School of Mines

2012 Americas School of Mines W Scott Dunbar University of British Columbia ... Open pit mining Mining Methods 5 Open pit mines are used to exploit low grade, shallow ore bodies. However, some pits are ... Oil sand is a mixture of bitumen (a thick sticky form of crude oil), sand, water and clay. The ...

Company plans to strip mine oil sands in northwest Alabama ...

MS Industries intends to recover bitumen exclusively through open pit mining, eschewing the more controversial method of injecting steam into wells to liquefy it and pump it to the surface.

Unconventional Oil Exploration, Part 5: Oil Sands

Accelerating Science Advancing Mining / Oil and Gas / Unconventional Oil Exploration, Part 5: Oil Sands. ... Shallow deposits can be extracted using open pit mining but most oil sand reserves are located too far underground and require unconventional ... A method of in-situ bitumen recovery in which air is continuously injected into a bitumen ...

Athabasca oil sands - Wikipedia

By 2009, the two extraction methods used were in situ extraction, when the bitumen occurs deeper within the ground, (which will account for 80 percent of oil sands development) and surface or open-pit mining, when the bitumen is closer to the surface.

Mining for Bitumen | Oil Sands Magazine

an open-pit (or surface) mine. a bitumen production circuit where the bitumen is separated from the solids and water. ... OIL SANDS MINING PIT. Typically a truck-and-shovel operation, oil sands is excavated from the mine pit using hydraulic or electric shovels. …

Tar Sands Mining......in Kentucky? | Kentucky Waterways ...

Apr 05, 2013· The project involves the surface mining, via what appears to be an open pit method, of a sandstone geologic formation that includes hardened asphalt, or bitumen, which is heavy oil–the same type found in the Canadian tar sands. The mine location …

Using sustainable development indicators (SDIs) for ...

Surface mining Out of the 1.6 million barrels per day (bbl/d) reached in 2010, 53% of the crude bitumen production used the open-pit mining technique while the other 47% used in-situ methods [3].

Oil Sands Mining | Student Energy

There are two different methods of producing oil from oil sands: open-pit mining and in situ. Bitumen that is close to the surface (less than 75 metres) is mined. Approximately 20% of oil sands are recoverable through open-pit mining.

Basics of openpit mining - SlideShare

What is Opencast Mining• Opencast mining is also known as Open pit mining, Open cut Mining, Surface or Strip Mining.• The coal upto economical depth will be excavated by OC Method.• The current operating depth of OC mines in SCCL is about 200m and SCCL proposed to operate OC mines upto a …

1. Basic Open Pit Terminology 2. Pickstone Peerless Open ...

Pickstone –Peerless Open Pit Optimisation Input Parameters 3. ... • Open Pit mining cannot encroach to within 20 metres of the Mombe River in the first 12 month ... calculating an intrinsic value per processing method of each block in a geological block model as a

Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands | Oil ...

Surface mining is sometimes known as open-pit, open-cut or open-cast mining and is only commercially viable if the deposit is located relative close to the surface. Less than 20% of Alberta's bitumen reserves are close enough to the surface to be mined.

Open-pit mining - Wikipedia

Open-pit, open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow

Rubber-modified bitumen materials for open-pit enterprises

Rubber-modified bitumen materials for open-pit ... has belonged to open-pit mining, which is the most ... and safest method. The scale of open-pit mining is increasing, both through an increased intensity of work at quarries and through the development of fields lying at depths of 300 m or more. As a result of this, there has been an ...

Extraction of Resources | Geology

Open-pit mining, or open-cast mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunneling into the earth, such as long wall mining.

Alaska Tar Sands

Jan 07, 2016· The in-situ method will account for 80% of the total bitumen collected and open pit mining will only retrieve 20%. The open pit mining method requires large scale excavation of the land with huge hydraulic power shovels and 400-ton heavy hauler trucks.

OPEN PIT MINE PLANNING: ANALYSIS AND SYSTEM …

planning and design processes employed by surface mining oil sands operations vary in distinct ways from other commodities mined by both hard and soft rock open pit methods. The unique waste handling needs, including tailings disposal, of contemporary oil sands mining …